Today, Cambodiab people celebrate the 3rd anniversary of the inclusion of Sambor Preikuk temple as the World Heritage at UNESCO list.
July 08th, 2020, is the 3rd anniversary(July 08 2017 – 08th July 2020) of the inclusion of Sambor Preikuk as a world heritage by the World Heritage Committee meeting at Krakow, Poland.
Cambodia’s most impressive group of pre-Angkorian monuments, Sambor Preikuk encompasses more than 100 mainly brick temples huddled in the forest, among them some of the oldest structures in the country. To the delight of Cambodians, the attraction recently became the country’s third UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The site was once an old capital named Isanapura and a religious center for the worship of Shiva Brahmanism.The tourist who stays in Siem Reap could drive for four hours to visit the temples of Sambor Preikuk and return back on the same day. Sambor Preikuk is an amazing place for tourists who want to visit newly-opened and less tourist temples.
Many temples were built in Sambor Preikuk during the reign of King Isanavarman I (AD 615- 635) in the 7th century. The temples of Sambor Prerkuk were constructed of solid brick, lateritte and sandstone and decorated by Bas-reliefs. The lintel, pillars and the door frames are all made of sandstone with magnificent carvings. So far, 140 temples have been discovered in the forest. Sambor Preikuk temples are divided into four main groups:
The Central Temple
The central temple is called Tor or the Lion Temple which was built in the 9th century. It has sealed door on each side except the north side which hsa a real door. On each side, there is a staircase with two statues of kneeling lions guarding on both sides. There are a number of temples to the west of Lion Temple.
The Northern Temple
The northern temples are called Mid-Sambor Temples. It is a complex of many small temples.
The Southern Temples
The southern temples are called Yeay Poan Temples. It is a complex of many temples. There are two ramparts, which the inner one has four entrances on each side. This site was a former Capital.
Kraol Romeas Temples
Krao Romeas Temples locates about 2km north of Sambor Preikuk. All were built with brick, except the western temple which was built with laterite.
Sambor Preikuk is a cultural and historical site located in Sambor village, Sambor commune, Prasat Sambor district, about 25 kilometters northeast of Kampong Thom province.